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Edited by Chis Noble, Kristine Gismervik, Martin H. Iveren, Jelena Kolarevic, Jonathan Nilsson, Lars H. Stien and James F. Turnbull (November 2018)

Fish welfare is a key issue in commercial aquaculture and is central to many decisions that farmers take during their daily husbandry practices and longer-term production planning. It is also a prominent topic for animal welfare NGO’s and charities, regulatory bodies, policymakers, and consumers. Fish farmers increasingly are required to implement fish welfare practices in their production systems and daily husbandry. This can present a serious challenge, as the current tools available for measurement may not be suitable for all species or all life stages.
A new publication from Norway, the FISHWELL welfare indicator handbook brings together a farm-friendly toolbox for this purpose. Operational Welfare Indicators (OWIs) and Laboratory-based Welfare Indicators (LABWIs) for use on fish farms in different production systems and husbandry routines. It also includes advice on their implementation and interpretation. This handbook is published by the Norwegian Seafood Research Fund (Fiskeri-og Havbruksnaerigens Forskningsfond, FHF). The project group included a diverse range of welfare scientists and veterinarians from NOFIMA, the Institute of Marine Research, Nord University, the Norwegian Institute and the University of Stirling (UK). The handbook can be downloaded at no cost through the following website: www.nofima.no/fishwell/english.

FFIAF/C942 Revision 3 (En) Authored by Simon Funge Smith and published by FAO (2018),

The FAO Fishery and Aquaculture Circular C942 Revision 3 (C942 Rev. 3) updates and expands the scope of previous revisions of the circular and is an important baseline document, intended to assist in the global understanding of inland fisheries and inform dialogue on their current and future role.

The third revision reviews the status and trends of inland fisheries catch at global, continental and subcontinental levels. It places inland capture fisheries in the context of overall global fish production, and calls attention to the importance of inland capture fisheries with respect to food security and nutrition and the Sustainable Development Goals. It quantifies global inland fisheries resources in terms of food production, nutrition, employment, economic contribution with respect to those countries/regions or subnational areas where they are important.

A characterization approach to distinguish large-scale and small-scale fishing operations and their relative contributions is provided. The review provides estimated economic values of inland fisheries, as well as a valuation of potential replacement cost of these (in terms of dollars, other resources such as land and water, feeds). There is also an analysis of the extent and economic value of recreational inland fisheries. The contribution to employment and the gender differences related to this are quantified. The linkages between inland fisheries and biodiversity are also explored.

C942 Rev. 3 discusses ways to measure and assess inland fisheries, in particular, how to establish more accurately inland fishery catches in the many situations where there are challenges to collection of catch statistics.

FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No 1159. Authored by Enrique Alonso-Población and Susana V. Siar, and published by FAO (2018).

The increased recognition of the multiplicity of roles played by women in, and their crucial contributions to, the fisheries sector exists in stark contrast with the low presence of women in fisherfolk organisations around the globe, and the lack of access to decision-making positions in many formal fisheries-related organisations.

This paper summarises analyses of a global literature review on women in fisherfolk organisations. The aim of the study was to identify positive examples and lessons learned by pointing to the drivers – as well as the enablers and entities identified in the literature – that have a key role in fostering increased women’s participation and leadership in collective action in fisheries. State institutions, social movements and civil society organisations, development and conservation projects, religious movements, academia, endogenous mobilisation, charismatic individuals and coincidences have been identified as the key enablers of women’s participation in collective action.

Dwindling resources and the need to secure management roles, modernisation, the allocation of fishing rights, economic changes, family welfare and women’s rights, are the main drivers identified by the authors as catalysers of women’s engagement in collective action. Finally, the paper identifies some of the barriers faced by women to gain equal access to organisations and decision-making. Although more research on the topic is required, there seems to be consensus on the positive effects for women arising from their engagement in modes of collective action.

Tuesday, 31 July 2018 02:40

Overview of Food Fraud in the Fisheries Sector

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Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1165. FAO, Rome, Italy 2018

Fish fraud is committed when fish is illegally placed on the market with the intention of deceiving the customer, usually for financial gain. However, its precise scale and nature in the wider global food market is largely unknown. This publication presents evidence highlighting the serious consequences of fraud for the fish sector. It describes the different types of fraud that can take place along the fish supply chain, for example: intentional mis-labelling, species substitution, over glazing and over breading, and the use of undeclared water-binding agents to increase weight.

This publication shows that combating fish fraud is a complex task that requires the strengthening of national food regulatory programmes and the development of effective, science-based traceability systems and improved methods for fish authenticity testing. It highlights the need for the fish industry to develop and implement systems for fish fraud vulnerability assessment in order to identify potential sources of fish fraud within their supply chains and to prioritize control measures to minimize the risk of receiving fraudulent or adulterated raw materials or ingredients. The publication also indicates an important role for the Codex Alimentarius Commission – to work in collaboration with countries in order to develop international principles and guidelines designed to identify, manage and mitigate fraudulent practices in food trade and to develop guidelines to standardize food safety management systems for fish fraud vulnerability assessment.

Publication Link: http://www.fao.org/3/i8791en/I8791EN.pdf

Wednesday, 24 January 2018 07:03

Social benefits of One-by-One tuna fisheries

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Authored by Miller AM, (2017)

IPNLF’s first Social Dimensions report examines the social benefits derived from one-by-one fisheries and the resulting impacts on the communities dependent on them. The evidence was collated through a literature review and preliminary research to introduce the key social aspects of one-by-one tuna fisheries- encompassing both the material benefits(including employment, income, and food availability) and cultural and community benefits (including identity, human rights and gender parity).


This document can be downloaded from the IPNLF website.


Published by the International Pole an Line Foundation (IPNLF) 3028

 

The report on the study for the European Commission compiles data and information on fisheries subsidies within six of the world's major fishing countries:Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, China, Russia and the United States. The purpose of the study is to collate and standardise, to the extent possible, information on the value and scope of subsidies to the catching,aquaculture, and marketing and seafood processing sub sectors in six of the major fishing nations beyond the EU - Japan, South Korea, China, the Russian Federation, Taiwan and the United States. This information is intended to provide a current ‘state of play’ regarding key fisheries subsidies in each country.The study finds that subsidies for capture fisheries play a significant role in China, Taiwan, Japan, the US and South Korea, while aquaculture subsidies are the highest in Russia and China. The biggest subsidies go towards research, infrastructure, fuel (China) and insurance (Japan). The European Union is pushing to ban harmful fisheries subsidies that contribute to unsustainable fishing, in line with the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goal 14, which calls on the world to conserve and sustainably use the oceans. The two most damaging types of subsidies are those that increase the fish-catching capacity of fleets and those for fishermen who engage in illegal fishing activities.

 

 

These proceedings report the result of a sub-regional consultation on the existence and effectiveness of environmental monitoring systems for fisheries and aquaculture in the Lower Mekong basin. The document also includes a baseline assessment of environmental monitoring systems in Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam, and the report of a regional workshop to discuss the assessment's findings and future steps to improve an environmental monitoring and early warning system that will improve climate change adaptation in fisheries and aquaculture in the area.


Publisher: FAO

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INFOFISH is the leading source of marketing support for fish producers and exporters in the Asia-Pacific - a region which includes some of the largest fishing nations in the world.

Its activities include bringing buyers and sellers together, publication of current and long-term marketing information and operation of technical advisory and specialized services.

In addition to organizing exhibitions, conferences, workshops, seminars and training programs, INFOFISH undertakes consultancies on all aspects of fisheries - pre-harvest, harvest and post-harvest.

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