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Food fraud, fisheries products and VACCP

Published in General
Tuesday, 31 July 2018 02:12


In recent months there have been several well publicised cases of food fraud involving fisheries products. In 2017 a joint Europol and Interpol Operation called OPSON VI uncovered 9,800 metric tons of fake and unsafe foods worth more than 230 million euros, including canned sardines in Portugal and molluscs and clams in Spain. A US seafood business in Newport was prosecuted for blending imported crab meat with Atlantic blue crab meat, then labeling the blend as “Product of USA”. Another study found that almost 60% of roasted „Xue Yu‟ fillets, a popular roasted fish product in China, were fraudulently mis-labelled, according to a sampling study using DNA barcoding. Food fraud is a multibillion dollar industry carried out by organized crime as well as individuals who want to make more money from the same resources.

It is now a requirement by all GFSI (Global Food Safety Initiative) food safety standards, to carry out a food fraud vulnerability assessment of a food manufacturers entire supply chain with a very strong emphasis on ranking raw materials for potential vulnerability. To manage the process of assessing the whole supply chain resources need to be targeted at the weakest or most vulnerable points. The most “at risk” areas include: 1) the supply chain of the ingredients that make up the highest volume of the end product; 2) the supply chain of the “hardest to get” ingredient i.e. one supplier; and 3) the supply chain of the ingredients that your company cannot function without because of legal requirements.

The VACCP (Vulnerability Assessment and Critical Control Points) approach to managing fraud risks differs from food safety controls such as HACCP which aims at the prevention only of unintentional/accidental adulteration. Using a similar method to the standard HACCP Risk assessment, but replacing the Severity score with a Detectability score, key VACCP process steps are: 1) List all raw materials, their country of origin & their suppliers; 2) Undertake the VACCP Risk evaluation: ranking of current suppliers and raw materials & see which of your ingredients come out worst in that ranking. This list is likely to provide the priorities for control; 3) Design an approved supplier questionnaire to obtain information on your suppliers current control measures. This will enable you to rank your suppliers by using the risk assessment methods discussed in this poster; 4) Implement additional control measures as required based on your documented risk assessments of both suppliers supply chains and raw materials; 5) Document procedures and keep records; and 6) Horizon scanning for emerging issues and review regularly.

Source: Clare Winkel, IAFI Board member (currently Executive Manager - Technical Solutions)

COFI 2018

Published in General
Tuesday, 31 July 2018 02:06


The Committee on Fisheries Thirty - third Session was held from 9-13 July 2018, Rome, Italy.

The Committee on Fisheries (COFI), a subsidiary body of the FAO Council, was established by the FAO Conference at its Thirteenth Session in 1965.The Committee presently constitutes the only global inter-governmental forum where major international fisheries and aquaculture problems and issues are examined and recommendations addressed to governments, regional fishery bodies, NGOs, fishworkers, FAO and international community, periodically on a world-wide basis.

COFI has also been used as a forum in which global agreements and non-binding instruments were negotiated.

For more information please refer to

The 41st Session of the Codex Alimentarius Commission

Published in General
Tuesday, 31 July 2018 01:53

The Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC) convened its Forty-first Session, at the headquarters of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), in Rome, Italy, from 2 to 6 July 2018. The Session was attended by delegates from 121 Member countries and one Member Organization, and observers of 84 intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), including United Nations entities.

Latest development from the Codex Alimentarius Commission specific to the fishery sector are to include: 1) Adoption of the revision of the Code of Practice for Fish and Fishery Products (CXC 52-2003) with regard to Guidance for histamine control, with reservations expressed from few countries about the list of fish species that need to be considered as histamine producers. The list will be kept open until further data support the inclusion of other histamine producing species. The guidance will be published upon completion of the Codex Committee on Food Hygiene (CCFH) work under way on histamine in the Code of Practice for Fish and Fishery Products; 2) Adoption of the new maximum limits (MLs) for methylmercury in fish were adopted, with reservations from several countries that expressed their disagreement with the change from 1 mg/kg for predatory fish to 1.2 mg/kg for all tuna, 1.5 mg/kg for Alfonsino, 1.7 mg/kg for all marlin and 1.6 mg/kg for shark. CCCF had previously agreed to discontinue work on the ML for amberjack and swordfish and to establish an EWG chaired by New Zealand and co-chaired by Canada to prepare a discussion paper on the establishment of MLs for additional fish species. A footnote on the importance on consumer advice was left in the document. The Codex Committee of Contaminants in Food (CCCF) could consider revising the ML for tuna in the light of additional data after three years; 3) Adoption of the revised food-additive sections of the Standard for Canned Salmon (CXS 3-1981); Canned Shrimps or Prawns (CXS 37-1991); Canned Tuna and Bonito (CXS 70-1981); Canned Crab Meat (CXS 90-1981); Canned Sardines and Sardine-Type Products (CXS 94-1981); Canned Finfish (CXS 119- 1981); Salted Fish and Dried Salted Fish of the Gadidae Family of Fishes (CXS 167-1989); Dried Shark Fins (CXS 189-1993); Crackers from Marine and Freshwater Fish, Crustacean and Molluscan Shellfish (CXS 222-2001); Boiled Dried Salted Anchovies (CXS 236-2003); Salted Atlantic Herring and Salted Sprat (CXS 244-2004); Sturgeon Caviar (CXS 291-2010); Fish Sauce (CXS 302-2011) and Smoked Fish, Smoke-Flavoured Fish and Smoke-Dried Fish (CXS 311-2013); and 4) Adoption of the maximum residue levels (MRLs) for amoxicillin (50 μg/kg for finfish fillet, muscle); ampicillin (50 μg/kg for finfish muscle and fillet); lufenuron (1350 μg/kg for salmon and trout fillet).

The Codex Alimentarius international food standards, guidelines and codes of practice contribute to the safety, quality and fairness of this international food trade.

For more information please refer to http://www. detail/en/?meeting=CAC&session=41.

EU yellow card

Published in National News
Wednesday, 24 January 2018 07:09

Vietnam: The EU has warned Vietnam about the risk of being identified as a non-cooperating country in its fight against IUU, by issuing a ‘yellow card’. The decision does not, at this stage, entail any measures affecting trade. The yellow card is considered as a warning and offers the possibility for Vietnam to take measures to rectify the situation within a reasonable time-frame. To this end the Commision has proposed an action plan to support the country in addressing the identified shortcomings. The yellow card was issued by the Commission on the basis of the identified shortcomings, such as the lack of an effective sanctioning system to deter IUU fishing activities and a lack of action to address illegal fishing activities conducted by Vietnamese vessels in waters of neighbouring countries, including Pacific Small Island Developing States. Furthermore, the Commission felt that Vietnam has a poor system to control landings of fish that is processed locally before being exported to international markets, including the EU.

Source: INFOFISH International, 1/2018

India: With cage fishing fast becoming popular across the south Indian state of Kerala, the Fisheries
NATIONAL NEWSDepartment is set to introduce sea cage farming in the state's coastal districts aimed at supporting the fishers there. It is under the Blue Revolution programme jointly funded by the Centre and state government.

The cages will be of 10 m diameter and each unit will be provided with four cages. Seabass (Kalanji) will be bred in each cage.

The CMFRI will be providing technical support for the project as well. Earlier, the sea cage fishing project was successfully tried out in Thiruvananthapuram.

Source: India Express IE, October 03, 2017

World’s first one-by-one tuna conference

Published in Workshop/Training
Wednesday, 24 January 2018 07:06

The world’s first one-by-one tuna conference was held on the island of Faial in the Azores from 16-17 October 2017. Hosted by the Government of the Azores’ Regional Secretariat for the Sea, Science and Technology and the International Pole & Line Foundation (IPNLF), the conference was attended by 200 one-by-one fishery stakeholders including fishing associations, commercial fishing industry representatives, processors, suppliers, brands, retailers, governments, researchers and NGOs. Attendees shared information about the status of all of the world’s leading one-by-one fisheries; the social-economic and environmental dimensions of these fisheries and ways to enhance traceability; and how to better tell the story of one-by-one tuna products and the communities responsible for them. The conference concluded with participants issuing ‘The Azores Declaration’ which calls for six key principles to be supported throughout all one-by-one tuna fishery supply chains.

Source: INFOFISH International, 1/2018

Social benefits of One-by-One tuna fisheries

Published in Publication
Wednesday, 24 January 2018 07:03

Authored by Miller AM, (2017)

IPNLF’s first Social Dimensions report examines the social benefits derived from one-by-one fisheries and the resulting impacts on the communities dependent on them. The evidence was collated through a literature review and preliminary research to introduce the key social aspects of one-by-one tuna fisheries- encompassing both the material benefits(including employment, income, and food availability) and cultural and community benefits (including identity, human rights and gender parity).

This document can be downloaded from the IPNLF website.

Published by the International Pole an Line Foundation (IPNLF) 3028

S-Band Radar

Published in Equipment & Supplies
Wednesday, 24 January 2018 07:01

The product features high resolution imaging that grounds fishing vessels with long-distance seabird and under water fish school detection, which can improve fishing efficiency, as well as safety of fishermen at sea.

The radar system consist of an antenna, color LED display, processor and control unit; BlackBox radar is available if different monitor preferred.

Anchang Brothers Co., Ltd, Japan

Simrad SU90 fish finding sonar

Published in Equipment & Supplies
Wednesday, 24 January 2018 07:00

The Simrad SU90 is the ultimate long range, low frequency fish finding sonar. Key features include 360 degrees omnidirectional, 90 degrees vertical tip, an operational frequency adjustable from 20 to 30kHz, increased source level (3 dB higher than SX90), stabilised beams, narrow beams (opening angle4, 9 degrees at 30 kHz). The narrow beams increase the sonar’s range and resolution, and offer a vertical view with additional details and a clearer picture.

Simrad, Norway

Satellite data to map mangroves in India

Published in Research
Wednesday, 24 January 2018 06:59

India's Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) would utilize the satellite data for a spatial mapping of marine fisheries and mangroves in the country, said CMFRI director.

As part of the marine fisheries management, the CMFRI has already launched a research project to analyze the productivity of the sea waters utilizing the data. The study is aimed at correlating the data on the presence of chlorophyll in the water bodies collected physically with the data generated from the satellites. Also, CMFRI has inked a pact with the national remote sensing centre (NRSC), Hyderabad, of the Indian space research organisation (ISRO), to conduct a collaborative study to assess the blue carbon emissions and its sequestration," he said during an interaction with participants of the Winter School organized by the CMFRI to train young researchers in using satellite remote sensing data. The data would also be used be for locating suitable sites for cage fish farming in sea waters. "Selection of ideal sites is important for expanding the cage farming ventures systematically by ensuring a better yield, and at the same time site selection is also crucial for not disrupting the environmental equilibrium of coastal ecosystem," he said.

Organized with an aim to strengthen research network for the utilization of satellite technology for the favour of India's marine fisheries sector, the Winter School, which began on 1 December 2017, was attended by 22 participants from various research institutes, agricultural universities and colleges from across the country.

Source: TNN, December 24, 2017

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